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Everywhere in the world, HIV-positive people are still subject to serious forms of stigma and discrimination. They risk losing their jobs, being ostracised from their communities and being denied equal access to goods and services necessary to realise their human rights, and even the protection of the law.
Violation of human rights
Human rights are fundamental to addressing the HIV and Aids epidemic. On the one hand human rights violations fuel the epidemic by increasing people's vulnerability to infection, for example where women are considered inferior to men or in societies where violence is condoned. On the other hand, human rights violations often follow infection where people living with HIV and Aids are subjected to various forms of discrimination and ill-treatment, including harassment, arbitrary arrest and torture.
All people, including people living with HIV, have a right to the highest attainable standard of health. Respecting, protecting and fulfilling the full range of human rights of all individuals are indispensable to reducing the rates of HIV infection, expanding access to care and treatment and mitigating the impact of the epidemic, including acts of discrimination and violence.
Discriminatory policies and practices can result in people being denied access to the information, support and services necessary to make informed decisions and to reduce their vulnerability and risk of infection.
Everyone living with HIV has:
Communities are sometimes also restricted in their efforts to alleviate the suffering of those living with HIV and Aids. Therefore, governments and communities are requested to respect everyone:
In addition, Amnesty International has called on all governments worldwide to:
If all roleplayers respect these rights, the result will be a better life for all.