HIV can be passed from the mother to the baby during pregnancy, labour, birth and through breast feeding. However, with the right care and support this risk can be reduced significantly.
It is of the utmost importance that the HIV status of the mother is known. It helps her to make informed decisions regarding sexual activity, contraception, termination of pregnancy and methods of infant feeding, and gives her the opportunity of seeking early access to care.
Increasing the risk
The chances of infecting your baby are increased when:
Decreasing the risk
Take time to discuss these ways of reducing the risk of HIV transmission to your baby with your caregiver.