Foot problems are almost entirely preventable if you take adequate care of your feet and have proper medical attention. On the other hand, if you don't take care of your feet, you could develop gangrene or even lose a limb.
There are many reasons why a diabetic develops foot problems:
Probably the most important way to prevent foot problems is to inspect your feet every day, with a mirror if necessary; look specifically for any sign of injuries or infections. Wash your feet in warm water and carefully dry them with a soft towel, particularly between the toes. If your skin is dry, you can apply a mild moisturiser.
Avoid severe heat such as very hot baths, hot water bottles and electric heaters and never walk barefoot on any rough or hot surfaces. Wear comfortable, well-fitting shoes and always check your shoes and socks for thorns or stones that might damage your feet.
Trim your toenails correctly, and have a professional deal with any corns or callouses to reduce the risk of damage to the skin and subsequent infection.
Don't smoke, as it damages circulation, and have your health care professional examine your feet regularly to check for any abnormality.
Get prompt medical attention if you notice any of the following: