Diabetes is a disease that affects the way the body uses food. It is caused by a lack of insulin, which is a hormone made in the pancreas that helps the body’s cells use sugar (glucose) for energy. Insulin is necessary for the body to process nutrients (carbohydrates, fats and proteins), and its absence causes high sugar (glucose) levels in the blood.
There are two types of diabetes, namely:
- Type 1 diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes or non-insulin-dependent diabetes